Delve Institute of Learning Research

Educational Research Topics and Digests

The research on the science of reading is clear and consistent and hold many of the same practices as evidence based reading interventions. It shows that the best way to teach children to read is to provide them with explicit instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, decoding, fluency, and comprehension. This instruction should be systematic and scaffolded, and it should be accompanied by feedback and repetition. When children are taught to read in this way, they are more likely to become successful readers.

Here are some of the research studies that support the science of reading:

The National Reading Panel Report: This report, which was published in 2000, reviewed over 100 research studies on reading instruction. The report concluded that explicit instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, and decoding is essential for learning to read.

The Report of the International Reading Association Task Force on Interventions for Struggling Readers: This report, which was published in 2006, reviewed over 200 research studies on interventions for struggling readers. The report concluded that explicit instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, and decoding is the most effective intervention for struggling readers.

The What Works Clearinghouse: This is a website that reviews research on educational interventions. The What Works Clearinghouse has found that explicit instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, and decoding is effective for teaching reading to all students, including struggling readers.

The science of reading is a complex and evolving field, but the research is clear that explicit instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, decoding, fluency, and comprehension is essential for learning to read.

See Example of Science of Reading Scheduling Block

This instruction should be systematic and scaffolded, and it should be accompanied by feedback and repetition. When children are taught to read in this way, they are more likely to become successful readers.